The English word “Japan” has two meanings. One is the country “Japan”. The other is “Lacquerware.” The two examples of specific industrial arts being called by the name of their country are “Japan” for lacquerware and “China” for chinaware. Lacquerware is shining by splendid varnish that was developed in the orient, particularly in Japan. What is meant by the word is that “Lacquerware” is a representative traditional artistic handicraft of Japan.
Tsuishitsu is the carved painting skill that putting Urushi over and over, making layers, and carving it. It includes Tsuisyu, Tsuikoku, and Tsuiou. Tsuishitsu skill starts Tou period in China. Chinese court and Chinese people love it for a long time. Since this skill produces a beauty from layers of Urushi, it has to be thick. In order to make it thick, people have to repeat this putting Urushi process over and over, sometimes more than hundreds times. Even though putting Urushi hundred times, it becomes only 3 to 5 millimeters. So one product takes from one to five years.
Kutani-yaki is the Japanese china skill that writing lines with a blue paint named Gosu and painting with five colors (red, blue, yellow, green, and purple) called Gosai. Their featured drawings are mountain, water, flower, and bird. They give a strong impression. In Meiji period, Kutani-yaki becomes famous as “Japan Kutani” because the skill of Kinrande by Kutani Shouza becomes a mainstream.
Huki-glass is one of the glass skills that rolling melted glass over the pole, blowing breath into the pole, and making a product. This skill was developed by Phoenician in East Mediterranean Sea at 1 B.C. and this skill hasn't changed that much since then.